Fine Lines & Wrinkles
Fine Lines, Wrinkles & Ageing:
Causes and Treatment
Your most radiant self is waiting! Achieve smoother, more supple, and younger looking skin with our treatments for fine line and wrinkles
They say you’re as old as you feel – but if you’re starting to look a little older than you like, there are a number of treatments available to refresh your face – and help you look as young as you feel!
As you age, your skin’s production of the proteins collagen and elastin start to decrease. This leads to thinner, ageing skin that is less resistant to damage and more prone to sagging, making us look tired, sunken, and dull.
The lines, creases, and wrinkles of our lives include:
Fine lines on forehead
These tiny creases can form as a result of repeated movement (such as raised eyebrows) or simply due to ageing as collagen production decreases.
Also known as frown lines or 11 lines, these vertical wrinkles form in between the eyebrows as a result of thinning skin as well as repeated movement like frowning.
Crows feet are the fine lines that appear from the corners of your eyes. They’re caused by squinting and smiling, and become more prevalent as we age and skin loses its natural elasticity.
Smile lines are also called laugh lines which are the fine lines that form around the sides of the mouth, when, as the name suggests, you smile or laugh. These lines can often get deeper as you age while sun exposure or smoking can thin the delicate skin around the mouth.
Lip lines are small vertical wrinkles that form on the lips. Lip lines can be caused by the natural aging process but are also common in smokers, as the repeated positioning of the mouth when smoking can cause these lines to develop.
These lines can give the appearance of a sagging face, particularly around the chin and mouth area. As with most other facial lines and wrinkles, marionette lines are caused by natural collagen loss that occurs with age.
What Causes Fine Lines and Wrinkles on the Face?
The most common and expected cause of fine lines and wrinkles on the face is simply the natural ageing process.
But there are other health and lifestyle factors that contribute to dry, dehydrated, and thinning skin – all of which can lead to fine lines.
Some of the most common – and most detrimental – culprits include:
One of the major causes of skin damage and premature ageing is the sun. Make SPF a part of your daily routine and ensure you apply before make-up.
Additionally, you should be mindful that sun exposure is accumulative – that afternoon walk with the dog or lunch outside at a cafe all adds up, and can be just as harmful as laying out by the pool all day.
When you’re dehydrated, your skin can start looking and feeling dull. Using skincare products that contain hyaluronic acid and drinking plenty of water boosts your skin’s moisture which results in improved elasticity and fewer wrinkles.
And remember – feeling thirsty is often the first sign that you’re already dehydrated. Get into the habit of keeping a water bottle close by at all times, and sip frequently throughout the day.
Smoking is one of the most damaging habits you should break (for more reasons than one!)
In short, the nicotine found in cigarettes thins your blood vessels, and this impedes blood flow, meaning that your skin doesn’t get the blood and nutrients it needs.
The result? Dull, thin, crepy, pale, sagging skin that makes you look older than you are.
Think of the skin as a mirror that represents what is occurring internally through external skin conditions including inflammation, dry skin, and wrinkles.
Stress leads to a higher production of the hormone cortisol that breaks down the body’s natural collagen, leading to loose and sagging skin. It also impacts your sleep which in turn inhibits your body’s natural re-energising and repair process.
Foods high in sugar
A diet high in sugar and fat can fast-track your way to wrinkles and dull skin.
Sugary treats may taste good, but their outcomes are ugly: sugar leads to glycation, a process triggered by excess glucose that affects your skin’s natural collagen and elastin.
Sugar also weakens your immune system, making it harder for your body to fight bacteria that can lead to acne.
This lifestyle factor is sometimes difficult to avoid, depending on where you live.
Environmental stressors like pollution can negatively impact the skin’s laxity, which leads to the formation of fine lines and wrinkles and accelerated ageing. It can also cause pigmentation and acne.
Static vs. Dynamic Wrinkles
The elements above can all lead to a loss of elasticity and are somewhat permanent – and as such, these types of wrinkles are called ‘static’, meaning they will usually appear even when facial muscles are relaxed.
There is also another type of wrinkle called ‘dynamic’. These are lines, folds, and creases that are the result of repeated movement over a long period of time.
Dynamic wrinkles will eventually become static. For example, if you constantly furrow your brow you may develop forehead lines, or if you smoke cigarettes or frequently use a straw, you may develop lip creases.